More than Nuclear: The Plight of Baha’is in Iran
Senior Deputy Director, Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
Iran is often in the news because of its suspected nuclear weapons program. A nuclear Iran certainly poses a threat to international peace and security, which is why the international community imposed economic sanctions against Tehran.
But, what if the country’s nuclear agenda wasn’t the only threat to world stability? The treatment and persecution of minorities within Iran is a serious problem that, unfortunately, does not receive equal news coverage and scrutiny by the media.
There are way too many prisoners of conscience rotting away in Iran’s prisons. For the most part, these are intelligent and dedicated people who only wish to better their country, but whose voices are muffled by repression and imprisonment. Having views contrary to those of the government can be very costly. Even worse, simply choosing to practice a different faith than the State religion (its version of Islam) can lead directly to a prison sentence.
This is what happened to thousands of Baha’is over the past few decades. The execution of over 200 Baha’is in the mid-1980s spurred an international outcry that eventually led to a halt in killings. But the persecution of Baha’is has not stopped. It’s more insidious, and not as overtly shocking, but no less worthy of attention.
Over a hundred people of the Baha’i faith are now behind bars, imprisoned solely on religious grounds. Among them are the seven leaders of this religious community. This May marks the sixth year of their imprisonment, on false charges, and they are not about to get out. They all received a 20-year sentence. The Baha’i community is Iran’s largest religious minority and government policy seems constructed to oppress all its members.
Equally troubling is that even their dead are not left alone. The Iranian government has recently authorized the excavation of a Baha’i cemetery in the southern city of Shiraz with the goal of building a sports complex. But the tombs in this cemetery are not ordinary. It is the final resting place of ten courageous women who were executed for their beliefs in 1983, at the height of persecution against Baha’is in the country. Many of the women were in their twenties, and one was as young as 17, Mona Mahmudnizhad. She was killed by hanging, after being tortured.
Mahmudnizhad was killed once. Now, over thirty years later, her remains are being attacked, in what seems to be a continuing attempt at erasing the memory of her and her cohort’s sacrifice. With laws in place that prevent Baha’is from attending university, it is difficult not to see these actions in Shiraz as being part of a larger strategy by the government to erase the symbols of the Baha’is from Iranian society and to make life as miserable as possible for them.
But while nukes capture the attention of national governments, and for a good reason, we should also worry about the treatment of religious minorities and the importance to safeguard their human security. How a country treats its own citizen is often a harbinger of what it intends to do outside of its borders.
It is Canada’s responsibility to work towards strengthening international human rights norms and assisting those suffering the denial of their basic rights. While most members of the international community agree that freedom of religion and liberty of conscience have to become valid human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, it is of prime importance that governments speak out regarding the contemporary persecution of the Baha’is in the country. Faces and names matter when it comes to mobilizing public opinion against a regime that preys upon both the living, and the dead.