Peter Jones is associate professor in the graduate school of public and international affairs at the University of Ottawa. This article is based on the results of a research project conducted in 2011. Over 70 senior officials, think-tank leaders, and academics were interviewed, individually and in roundtables, under Chatham House rules. Interviewees were from, in alphabetical order, Brazil, Canada, Egypt, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Israel, Iran, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Sudan, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The list of their names has been withheld to protect confidentiality but has been seen by the editors of this journal. The author remains solely responsible for the contents of the article.