Christopher Sands is a Senior Fellow at Hudson Institute, where he specializes on Canada and U.S.-Canadian relations, as well as North American economic integration. He is also a professorial lecturer at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, an adjunct professor in Government at the American University School of Public Affairs, and lectures at the Foreign Service Institute of the U.S. Department of State and for the US Department of Homeland Security. From 2002 to 2007, Sands was the director of strategic planning and evaluation at the International Republican Institute (IRI), a core institute of the National Endowment for Democracy and implementer of democracy and governance programs of the U.S. Agency for International Development and Department of State. At IRI, he was involved in evaluations and assessments of programs in Iraq, Pakistan, Indonesia, and Slovakia and conducted training seminars for new policy research institutes and think tanks in emerging democracies. In 1993, Sands began a long association with the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) where he focused on US-Canada relations and North American integration issues, including a major study with Sidney Weintraub of The North American Auto Industry under NAFTA (CSIS Press, 1998). In 1999-2000, Sands was a Fulbright Scholar and visiting fellow at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University in Ottawa. Dr. Sands holds a B.A. in political science from Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in Canadian studies and international economics from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at the Johns Hopkins University. He is a member of the American Political Science Association, the International Studies Association, and the Association for Canadian Studies in the United States. Sands currently serves as treasurer and a member of the executive committee for the Canadian Politics Section of the American Political Science Association. He is a member of the research advisory board of the Macdonald-Laurier Institute in Ottawa, and a member of the advisory board of the Canada-United States Law Institute jointly-established by the law schools of Case Western Reserve University and the University of Western Ontario.